Category: District of Columbia

District of Columbia Passes Bill to Ban the Box

District of Columbia Bans The Box

Special Announcement to all District of Columbia employers:

Effective Oct 21, 2014, the District of Columbia will impose an ordinance (the Fair Criminal Record Screening Amendment Act of 2014) that restricts employers in the city from asking about and using criminal record information.

Under the law, the following restrictions, will apply:

(1) An employer may not make any inquiry regarding, or to require any person to disclose or reveal, any criminal arrest or accusation that is not pending or did not result in a conviction.

(2) An employer may not make an inquiry about or require an applicant to disclose or reveal a criminal conviction until after making a conditional offer of employment.

(3) Following the extension of a conditional offer of employment, an employer may only withdraw the conditional offer to an applicant or take an adverse action against an applicant for a legitimate business reason. The employer’s determination of a legitimate business reason must be reasonable in light of the following factors:

  • The specific duties and responsibilities necessarily related to the employment sought or held by the applicant
  • The bearing, if any, of the criminal offense for which the applicant was previously convicted will have on his or her fitness or ability to perform one or more such duties or responsibilities
  • The time which has elapsed since the occurrence of the criminal offense
  • The age of the applicant at the time of the occurrence of the criminal offense
  • The frequency and seriousness of the criminal offense
  • Any information produced by the applicant, or produced on his or her behalf, in regard to his or her rehabilitation and good conduct since the occurrence of the criminal offense.
Exceptions to this law are:

  • Where a federal or District law or regulation requires the consideration of an applicant’s criminal history for the purposes of employment
  • To a position designated by the employer as part of a federal or District government program or obligation that is designed to encourage the employment of those with criminal histories
  • To any facility or employer that provides programs, services, or direct care to minors or vulnerable adults.
The full text of the law can be found here: Fair Criminal Record Screening Amendment Act of 2014

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This law will require a review of the hiring process in place and may require changes to that process. Justifacts recommends that you consult with your legal department to determine what changes, if any, need to be made to your hiring process in order to comply with this law.

It is important to note that Justifacts is providing this information as a service to our clients. None of the information contained herein should be construed as legal advice, nor is Justifacts engaged to provide legal advice. Although we go to great lengths to make sure our information is accurate and useful, we recommend you consult your attorney or legal department if you want assurance that our information, and your interpretation of it, is appropriate to your particular situation.
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